By Iain Whyte
Even supposing a lot has been written approximately Scottish involvement in slavery, the contribution of Scots to the abolition of black slavery has no longer but been sufficiently recognized. This ebook starts off with a Virginian slave looking his freedom in Scotland in 1756 and ends with the abolition of the apprenticeship scheme within the West Indian colonies in 1838.
Contemporary records and periodicals display a groundswell of revulsion to what used to be defined as "the terrible traffik in humans". Petitions to Parliament got here from distant islands in Shetland in addition to from huge public conferences in towns. In a land steeped in faith, ministers and church leaders took the lead in giving theological help to the reason for abolition. The contributions of 5 London Scots who have been pivotal to the crusade all through Britain are set opposed to competition to abolition from many Scots with advertisement pursuits within the slave alternate and the sugar plantations.
Missionaries and miners, trades guilds and attorneys all performed their elements in difficult slavery. lots of their struggles and frustrations are unique for the 1st time in an review of the original contribution made by means of Scotland and the Scots to the destruction of an establishment whose results are nonetheless with us today.
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Extra resources for Scotland and the Abolition of Black Slavery, 1756-1838
38 Scotland and the Abolition of Black Slavery 27 ‘Contract betwixt Sir John Kennedy & Scipio Kennedy his Servant for 19 years’, Ailsa Muniments. NAS GD 25/9/72/9. 28 Dalymple, Petition. 29 Discharge Accounts, 27 Jul 1762. 30 Sir John Wedderburn’s Memorial (Defender against Joseph Knight, a Negro, Pursuer), Feb 1775. NAS CS 235/K/2/2, p. 9. 31 Robert Sheddan, Petition to the Baillies, 19 May 1756. NAS CS 234/53/12. 32 Answers for Sheddan on Bill of Advocation, May 1756. 6. 6. 34 Memorial for Joseph Knight, late Servant to Sir John Wedderburn of Ballandean, Bart.
Lord Auchinleck, the father of James Boswell, went further and declared that slavery was consistent with neither humanity nor Christianity. Hailes agreed with Yorke and Talbot’s opinion on baptism and he Black Slaves in Scotland and Baptism 33 was the only judge to mention it. He declared himself reluctant to introduce scripture in a court of law, but quoted a Christian slave Euelpistus on trial in the second century who asserted that he was servus et liberte donatus. Hailes regarded this as what he called ‘orthodox theology’, but it was the injustice of the possible return to the colonies and separation of the family that convinced the judge to vote for freedom.
6. 84 Memorial for Wedderburn, p. 11. 85 Additional Information for Joseph Knight, 20 Apr 1776. 86 William Robertson, The Situation of the World at the Time of Christ’s Appearance and its Connection with the Success of His Religion Considered (Edinburgh, 1755), pp. 41, 44. 87 William Robertson, The History of the Reign of the Emperor Charles V, 2 vols (Dublin, 1762), Vol. 1, note 20. 88 Memorial for Knight, p. 29. 89 Memorial for Montgomery-Sheddan, p. 6. 90 Memorial for Sheddan, p. 6. 91 Memorial for Wedderburn, p.