By Navnita Chadha Behera
The Kashmir factor is usually solid as a "territorial dispute" among belligerent acquaintances in South Asia. yet, there's even more to the tale than that. "Demystifying Kashmir" argues that spotting the wealthy, advanced, and multi-faceted personality of Kashmir is critical not just for knowing the structural reasons of this clash, but additionally for offering possibilities to set up a simply, attainable, and lasting resolution.
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44 The two factions continued to spar until the National Conference split on the question of the Pakistan Resolution in 1940. Muslim leaders in the Poonch, Mirpur, and Muzaffarabad districts hailed the resolution and pledged support for a separate homeland for Indian Muslims. They formally broke away from the National Conference in 1941 and revived the Muslim Conference. 0860-2 ch01 11/10/06 2:17 PM 20 Page 20 / Redefining the Parameters The Muslim group characterized itself as the Muslim segment of Jammu and Kashmir society challenging the Hindu Dogra maharaja and aiming to create a Muslim state based on Islamic laws and scriptures.
Meanwhile, the struggle within the National Conference continued. The more the National Conference stressed secular political goals and came closer to the National Congress, the greater the differences between the secular faction and the supporters of the Muslim identity, who made no bones about their preference for the Muslim League over the Congress at the national level. 44 The two factions continued to spar until the National Conference split on the question of the Pakistan Resolution in 1940.
Notably, all three were “internal” players. ”5 The Indian government favored a very quick plebiscite. 6 The timing was politically significant. 8 To prevent such an occurrence, both Nehru and Sheikh Abdullah wanted a quick plebiscite of the existing electoral rolls. Why the offer to hold a plebiscite was then retracted has a great deal to do with political circumstances. Nehru’s foremost concern was to restore peace and order in the state. This required a military campaign to drive out the raiders and nullify their capacity to coerce people, arouse communal passions, and weaken the nationalist forces (primarily the National Conference).