Biotechnology and agricultural development : transgenic by Rob Tripp

By Rob Tripp

This booklet addresses the continued controversy over the capability influence of genetically changed (GM) vegetation in constructing nations. Supporters of the know-how declare it bargains the most effective hopes for expanding agricultural construction and decreasing rural poverty, whereas rivals see it as an untested intervention that might deliver company keep an eye on of peasant farming. The booklet examines the problems by way of reviewing the Read more...

content material: Biotechnology and agricultural improvement / Robert Tripp --
Cotton creation and know-how / Robert Tripp --
improvement, agronomic functionality and sustainability of transgenic cotton for insect regulate / Ann M. Showalter ... [et al.] --
Transgenic cotton : assessing monetary functionality within the box / Robert Tripp --
Transgenic cotton and institutional functionality / Robert Tripp --
Farmers' seed and pest keep an eye on administration for Bt cotton in China / Jikun Huang ... [et al.] --
India's adventure with Bt cotton: case experiences from Gujarat and Maharashtra / N. Lalitha, Bharat Ramaswami, and P.K. Viswanathan --
The socio-economic influence of transgenic cotton in Colombia / Patricia Zambrano ... [et al.] --
Ten years of Bt cotton in South Africa : placing the smallholder event into context / Marnus Gouse.
summary:

Addresses the debate over the aptitude influence of genetically converted (GM) plants in constructing nations. This booklet bargains an advent to agricultural biotechnology, an exam of the Read more...

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Extra info for Biotechnology and agricultural development : transgenic cotton, rural institutions and resource-poor farmers

Sample text

Several longitudinal studies have demonstrated more equitable results (Hazell and Ramasamy 1991; Lanjouw and Stern 1993), although either blaming or giving credit to a specific agricultural technology for outcomes observed in the midst of changes in population, labour opportunities and the wider economy is a risky business (Rigg 1989). The situation is perhaps best summed up by the observation (made nearly two decades ago) that the Green Revolution has been responsible for massive rises in yields of staple food crops eaten, grown and worked mainly by poor people.

One concern is that the spread of transgenic varieties may lead to a reduction in the number and diversity of crop varieties grown. This has been an issue debated at least since the Green Revolution, when modern varieties replaced a large number of traditional varieties, and a single variety could take the place of several landraces found in dispersed localities. There is the fear that popular transgenic varieties could do the same thing. However, the relationship between the adoption of modern varieties and diversity loss is far from straightforward.

There have been positive effects on employment and on the availability, cheapness, and security of food. Yet there have been only delayed, scanty, and sometimes faltering and imperceptible improvements in the lot of the poor. (Lipton with Longhurst 1989: 5) The strategy denominated the Green Revolution was unarguably responsible for very significant increases in food production within a relatively short space of time, but it is worth examining the nature of the revolution. The lynchpin of the 8 Robert Tripp strategy was varieties that would respond to additional amounts of fertilizer and whose short, stiff straw kept them from lodging as a result of the increased weight of grain.

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