Belfast English and Standard English: Dialect Variation and by Alison Henry

By Alison Henry

The research of comparative syntax in heavily similar languages has yielded beneficial insights into syntactic phenomena--for instance within the examine of the Romance languages--yet little comparative paintings has been performed on English dialects. this can be the 1st comparability of the syntax of Belfast English and traditional English, utilizing Chomsky's "Principles and Parameters"/Minimalist framework. Alison Henry analyzes quite a few Belfast English structures and their commonplace English opposite numbers to realize perception into either English syntax and syntactic idea as a rule. within the technique, she makes useful facts on Belfast English available for the 1st time.

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B. They don't have a cigarette. Thus generally in English, Jo-support is not found with be in the negative, and is optional with have; but in imperatives, even these verbs form the negative imperative with don't. 50 BELFAST ENGLISH AND STANDARD ENGLISH Note that where the imperative has an overt subject, the negative must be the contracted form don't, and not the uncontracted do not (43) a. Don't you speak to me like that. b. *Do you not speak to me like that. c. *Do not you speak to me like that.

25) Are the government planning to resign? (26) Have the committee agreed on this? (27) *Is the members planning to resign? (28) *Has the office-bearers agreed on this? In addition, the collective examples permit an adverb to intervene between the subject and verb with raising verbs, whereas as noted above, this is impossible with singular concord. (29) (30) (31) (32) The government really are planning to resign. The committee probably have agreed on this. *The members really is planning to resign.

The passage of the verb through AGRS must be available only for verbs which are marked for agreement. This suggests that the presence of an element in a higher head (C) which must be checked in the syntax is insufficient to trigger raising; triggering must be done for movement at each stage. The verb may not move from Tense to AGRS unless the V-feature of AGRS is strong, even if there is a higher head which requires to be checked; Head movement is therefore strictly local in that it must be forced at each stage.

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