Bannockburn: The Triumph of Robert the Bruce by David Cornell

By David Cornell

Few battles resonate via British background as strongly as Bannockburn. On June 24, 1314, the Scots less than the management of Robert the Bruce suddenly trounced the English, leaving millions lifeless or wounded. The victory was once one in all Scotland’s maximum, the extra so as the Scottish military used to be outnumbered via approximately 3 to at least one. The loss to the English, combating below Edward II, used to be staggering.

 

In this groundbreaking account of Bannockburn, David Cornell units the enduring conflict in political and army context and focuses new realization at the roles of Robert and Edward within the occasions resulting in the accumulation in their armies. the writer brings the two-day conflict to existence and reassesses either the an important mêlée fought at the moment day and the casualties suffered by means of the English. packed with colourful element and clean insights, the ebook throws new mild at the conflict itself, the nature of the English defeat, the impression of that defeat at the process the Anglo-Scottish wars, and the strong effect of the battle’s legacy on English and Scottish nationwide identity.

 

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Bannockburn: The Triumph of Robert the Bruce

Few battles resonate via British historical past as strongly as Bannockburn. On June 24, 1314, the Scots lower than the management of Robert the Bruce all of sudden trounced the English, leaving hundreds of thousands lifeless or wounded. The victory used to be certainly one of Scotland’s maximum, the extra so as the Scottish military used to be outnumbered by means of approximately 3 to 1.

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As well as being appointed marshal of England, Clifford had served as the English captain and chief guardian of Scotland, and had subsequently been the keeper of Scotland south of the Forth. He had been warden of the Scottish lordship of Annandale, while also being charged with holding the critical English-held castles of Dumfries and Lochmaben. In 1298 Clifford had been provided with a vested interest in the English subjugation of Scotland when he was granted the confiscated lands of William Douglas.

Henry’s eldest son, Malcolm IV (1153–65), had died childless and been succeeded by his brother, popularly known as William the Lion (1165–1214). The recently deceased Alexander III (1249–86) was the son of William’s own son, Alexander II (1214–49), and therefore William the Lion’s grandson. This royal dynasty had ruled Scotland for more than 260 years. The death of the T H E WO L F I N T H E F O L D 21 Maid of Norway had brought an abrupt end to the line of monarchs descended from William the Lion.

As the figurehead of a kingdom whose lords may have forcibly stripped him of control of the government, as a king pitifully humiliated by Edward I, a man passed from English to papal to French custody, as a helpless pawn in a game of diplomacy, Balliol may have reflected that the Crown of Scotland had, for him, been a poisoned chalice. The allure of the Crown was intoxicating yet perilous. It was a trap for the unwary. What it beguilingly promised was not necessarily what it delivered. Balliol, his reputation irrevocably shattered, emerged from his tenure of the Crown a broken man.

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