By Michael Brown
The conflict of Bannockburn, fought at the fields south of Stirling at midsummer 1314, is the simplest identified occasion within the historical past of Medieval Scotland. It was once a different occasion. The conflict of 2 armies, each one led through a king, a transparent problem to a conflict to figure out the prestige of Scotland and its survival as a separate realm. As a key element within the Anglo-Scottish wars of the fourteenth century, the conflict has been greatly mentioned, yet Bannockburn was once additionally a pivotal occasion within the heritage of the British Isles. This publication analyses the line to Bannockburn, the crusade of 1314 and the aftermath of the struggle. It demonstrates that during either its context and legacy the conflict had a crucial value within the shaping of countries and identities within the overdue Medieval British Isles.
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Extra info for Bannockburn: The Scottish Wars and the British Isles (1307-1323)
They spoke of ‘our people and yours . . arising from one branch of a nation’ which shared a ‘common language’ and ‘customs’. 67 In speaking of the Scots and Irish as ‘one nation’, Bruce was referring to ideas that were wellunderstood in both realms. However, in suggesting that the Gaelic Irish and the Scots were engaged in a single struggle for their ‘ancient liberty’, Robert was pursuing an approach which was new to the Scots and, given his own background and connections within the Anglo-French nobility of Britain, Ireland and beyond, marked a political departure.
61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 23 England and Ireland in the Later Middle Ages (Dublin, 1981), 43–59; J. Lydon, ‘Irish Levies in the Scottish Wars, 1296–1302’, in Irish Sword, v (1963), 207–17. , ii, nos 1841, 1888. , ii, no. 1888. , ii, nos 1888–9; Chron. Guisborough, 368; Chron. Lanercost, 178. A. McDonald, The Kingdom of the Isles: Scotland’s Western Seaboard, 1100–1336 (East Linton, 1997); M. Brown, Wars of Scotland, 68–88. Brown, Wars of Scotland, 255–60. For galloglass, see K.
Ii, nos 1807, 1829; The Bruce, ed. Duncan, 100. Even in 1306 Edward was prepared to allow James Stewart to recover his lands following a submission and fresh oath of allegiance sworn on a relic of the true cross. Stewart does not seem to have joined Bruce in 1306 but his elder son, Andrew, was in Robert’s hands and may have been used to raise support among Stewart’s aﬃnity (Foedera, iv, 62; Stones, Anglo-Scottish Relations, no. 35). , ii, no. 1786; v, no. 446; Palgrave, Docs, 284, 304. , ii, nos 1487, 1535.