By Thomas Ambrosio
Ambrosio examines 5 ideas that an more and more authoritarian Russia has followed to maintain the Kremlin's political energy: insulate, bolster, subvert, redefine and coordinate. each one method seeks to counter or undermine nearby democratic traits either at domestic and through the former Soviet Union. rules reminiscent of those are of serious drawback to the growing to be literature on how autocratic regimes have gotten extra energetic of their resistance to democracy. via unique case reviews of every technique, this e-book makes major contributions to our understandings of Russian family and international rules, democratization conception, and the coverage demanding situations linked to democracy promoting.
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Extra info for Authoritarian Backlash: Russian Resistance to Democratization in the Former Soviet Union
Moreover, the color revolutions themselves heightened a sense of insecurity in the Kremlin which accelerated the process of building an autocratic state and led the Russian government to actively resist and undermine regional democratic trends. It would be impossible to fully describe the history of democratization in the former Soviet Union in just one chapter. , 2007). , 2005, Marat 2006, Wilson 2005b). ��������������������������������������������� ‘Ten Years After the Soviet Breakup’ (2003), Journal of Democracy, 12:4, 19.
The potential for abuse of executive power found in the president-dominant Russian constitution, the declining level of freedom of the press exhibited by an alliance between the media and the Kremlin, and the lack of fair and competitive elections coalesced into a decisive shift toward authoritarian under Putin. Each of the subsequent reforms enacted under the Putin presidency could be interpreted as something other than a move away from democracy. For example, the centralization of authority in the Kremlin could be seen as merely strengthening state institutions in order to reduce the potentially dangerous, centrifugal political trends seen under Yeltsin; if left unattended, these tendencies would have further eroded the power of the state, made positive political development impossible, and have possibly called into question the country’s territorial integrity.
The External Promotion of Democracy and Authoritarianism 19 found in domestic-oriented studies, it is rare when dealing with the international level. Even Huntington’s (1991: 15–21, 290–294) discussion of ‘reverse waves’ emphasized internal rather than international factors, and did not include an active role for authoritarian regimes at the international level. Consequently, the full picture of Pravda’s international pull toward democracy is usually only halfexplored, because the countervailing pull from autocrats is often not accounted for.