By Kevin Hillstrom
They're significant, far away, and scarcely populated. but the environments of Australia, Oceania, and Antarctica are dealing with an identical threats confronting the remainder of the planet, in addition to a few certain ones in their personal. How have human-introduced species impacted Australia's traditional order? What new international conventions are aiding shut Antarctica's ozone gap? and the way is international weather switch threatening the South Pacific's species-rich coral reefs?The region's governments are grappling with the spectre of worldwide warming, which, if no longer meaningfullly addressed by way of industrialized countries part an international away, may well produce emerging sea degrees in a position to engulfing a number of states of Oceania and partly submerging parts of many different inhabited islands. Australia, Oceania, and Antarctica tackles the tough matters, tricky difficulties, and political controversies surrounding those lands of extremes.
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Additional resources for Australia, Oceania, & Antarctica: A Continental Overview of Environmental Issues (Hillstrom, Kevin, World's Environments.)
Within these countries, hereditary chieftains of the past have been replaced in most cases by popularly elected legislative governments. Oceania also features a half-dozen self-governing states that maintain some sort of link with the countries that once ran them (Cook Islands and Niue with New Zealand; the Federated States of Micronesia, Palau, and Northern Mariana Islands with the United States). The rest are territories that are still administered by other nations. Population growth has been significant in the last half-century across most of Oceania.
Australian State of the Environment Committee. 2001. Australia State of the Environment Report 2001. Canberra: Environment Australia/CSIRO. Barry, G. 2002. An Analysis of Papua New Guinea’s Implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity with a Focus on Forests. Moreton-in-Marsh, UK: Fern. Bourke, R. , M. G. Allen, and J. G. Salisbury, eds. 2001. Food Security for Papua New Guinea. Canberra: ACIAR. Christoff, Peter. 1998. ” Arena Journal 10. ———. 2002. A Continent in Reverse. Victoria, Australia: Australian Conservation Foundation et al.
The UN Environment Programme, meanwhile, has described the biological diversity of the Pacific Islands as a whole as “among the most critically threatened in the world” (UN Environment Programme, 1999). In recognition of the growing threat to their natural heritages, virtually all of Oceania’s governments have issued formal conservation objectives. In addition, many nations in Oceania are signatories to international conventions focused on species or habitat conservation, including the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) of 1973, the Tropical Forestry Action Plan (TFAP) of 1985, and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), which requires nations to develop a national biodiversity strategy.