By Giulio E Lancioni, Jeff Sigafoos, Mark F. O'Reilly, Visit Amazon's Nirbhay N. Singh Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Nirbhay N. Singh,
For individuals with severe/profound and a number of disabilities, handling the fundamental must haves of lifestyle usually poses myriad demanding situations. regardless of nice odds, advances in assistive expertise are creating a distinction in those participants’ lives. Advances in microswitches, voice final result verbal exchange aids, and computer-based platforms are developing new possibilities for dwelling independently, bettering uncomplicated existence abilities, and decreasing challenge behaviors between people with mixed motor, sensory, and highbrow disabilities.
This special quantity examines how schooling and rehabilitation can increase the lives of even these members most influenced by way of severe/profound and a number of disabilities. Interventions presently in use and in experimental phases are surveyed by way of how they paintings and their applicability to consumers with quite a few wishes. furthermore, it examines the features of developmentally disabled populations and gives guidance for selecting appropriate applied sciences. It offers empirical proof at the advances in bettering interplay with caregivers, keep watch over of the house surroundings, dealing with self-care initiatives, and different center abilities.
Assistive Technology examines interventions which are cutting edge, respectful of the distinction of consumers, and functional for ongoing use, including:
• Microswitches in habilitation programs.
• Speech-generating units for verbal exchange and social development.
• tutorial expertise for selling educational, paintings, and relaxation skills.
• Assistive know-how for selling ambulation.
• Orientation platforms for selling circulation indoors.
• Assistive expertise for lowering challenge behaviors.
A state of the art advisor to a turning out to be box, Assistive Technology is a useful source for researchers, clinicians, graduate scholars in addition to clinicians and allied execs in developmental psychology, rehabilitation and rehabilitative medication, studying and guideline, occupational treatment, speech-language pathology, and academic technology.
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Additional resources for Assistive Technology: Interventions for Individuals with Severe/Profound and Multiple Disabilities
Sigafoos, J. (2010a). Camera-based microswitch technology for eyelid and mouth responses of persons with profound multiple disabilities: Two case studies. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 31, 1509–1514. Lancioni, G. , O’Reilly, M. , & Basili, G. (2001a). An overview of technological resources used in rehabilitation research with people with severe/profound and multiple disabilities. Disability and Rehabilitation, 23, 501–508. Lancioni, G. , O’Reilly, M. , & Basili, G. (2001b). Use of microswitches and speech output systems with people with severe/profound intellectual or multiple disabilities: A literature review.
The microswitch developed for the boy was different, as he did not like the band touching his face. It involved a hat that supported a light structure passing in front of his face (without touching any part of it) and ending immediately below his chin. , as soon as a downward movement of the chin occurred) (see Fig. 4). , during the intervention). The outcomes of the studies with the two microswitches (and the two children) were highly satisfactory. Both children learned to use the microswitches rapidly and increased their level of responding and access to stimulation.
2011) targeted the aforementioned eyebrow-lifting response with the use of a camera-based microswitch, such as that described above for mouth closing. 5 years of age who had suffered severe brain hemorrhage at 1 year of age with consequent development of spastic tetraparesis, total blindness, and epilepsy as well as profound intellectual disability and lack of self-help and communication skills. The boy was provided with two small color dots above the right eyebrow and on the top right side of the forehead.