Aspects of Japanese culture and society : an by Abito Ito; Kokusai Kyōiku Jōhō Sentā

By Abito Ito; Kokusai Kyōiku Jōhō Sentā

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Extra info for Aspects of Japanese culture and society : an anthropologist's view / [written and prepared by Ito Abito]

Example text

In Japan, an extremely important part in heightening marketability is played, not just by the technical excellence of the product as such but by the added value given by links with the historical and the sacred deriving from myth or popular legend, or by the unique natural setting and cultural traditions of the area. The Traditional Town Japanese towns include quite a number that have developed as new industrial or communications centers as a result of post-Meiji policies, and there are other cases of towns, once important communications centers, that have declined with the development of new routes.

Emphasis, in short, is on the educational aspect whereby a person gradually accumulates 47 experience within the system or organization, acquiring knowledge, skills, and all kinds of responses while carrying out the role already assigned to him. The trust, esteem, and dignity acquired within the organization over a period of time after joining give rise, in turn, to fresh personal relationships within society. People are extremely cautious about proposing any change in the system on their own individual initiative and before there has been a chance for adequate preparing of the ground, unless the situation is extremely urgent.

48 Group Organization In Japan, it is difficult to maintain a loosely knit organization for long in that state. The kind of voluntary association formed by persons with common interests in a particular field in order to solve common problems, and which can be joined or left at will on the individual's own judgment, has tended to prove short-lived in Japan. All kinds of human relationships and questions in addition to the original, limited problems of interest are brought in; a sense of stable membership of the organization and a clear distinction between members and nonmembers are sought as means of ensuring the organization's independence and stability.

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