Applications of Simulation Methods in Environmental and by Kenneth Train, Melvyn Weeks (auth.), Riccardo Scarpa, Anna

By Kenneth Train, Melvyn Weeks (auth.), Riccardo Scarpa, Anna Alberini (eds.)

Simulation tools are revolutionizing the perform of utilized financial research. This quantity collects eighteen chapters written via top researchers from prestigious learn associations across the world. the typical denominator of the papers is their relevance for utilized study in environmental and source economics.

The issues variety from discrete selection modeling with heterogeneity of personal tastes, to Bayesian estimation, to Monte Carlo experiments, to structural estimation of Kuhn-Tucker call for structures, to evaluate of simulation noise in greatest simulated chance estimates, to dynamic ordinary source modeling. Empirical situations are used to teach the sensible use and the implications introduced forth by way of different methods.

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The components β q and εjtq are not observed by the analyst and are treated as stochastic influences. Note that the first of these, unlike its counterpart in other models, is assumed to vary across individuals. likely to be extremely cumbersome and are approximate whereas the Bayesian methods are much simpler and are exact in addition. As to whether the Bayesian estimates are exact while sampling theory estimates are approximate, one must keep in mind what is being characterised by this statement.

6 7. Terminology In an ideal world there would be a one-to-one mapping between terms and concepts. Initially we intended to standardize the terminology throughout the book in as much as possible. Although we tried, we now feel we did not go very far with it. As a result, for example, many acronyms of models across chapters may refer to different econometrics specifications. While an apology in this sense is due to the reader, we feel that the diversity of terms in this book reflects that in the current literature.

The other attributes can be either desirable or undesirable, depending on the views and tastes of the consumer. ) The coefficients of these variables are given normal distributions. The model, and all the ones which follow, was estimated by Bayesian MCMC procedures, using diffuse priors. These procedures for mixed logit models are described by Train (2003) in general and by Train and Sonnier (2005) in relation to these particular data. 10,000 iterations were used as “burn-in” after which every tenth draw was retained from 10,000 additional iterations, providing a total 1,000 draws from the posterior distribution of the parameters.

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