By Steven McMullen (auth.)
This e-book explores the commercial associations that be certain the character of animal lives as systematically exploited items traded in a marketplace economic system. It examines human roles and selection within the method, together with the industrial good judgment of agriculture, experimentation, and animal possession, and analyses the marginalization of moral motion within the fiscal system.
Animals and the Economy demonstrates that exact shoppers and farmers are usually left with few actually animal-friendly offerings. moral individuals within the economic system needs to both face down an array of institutional obstacles, or go out mainstream markets fullyyt. This ebook argues that those matters are usually not precious components of a marketplace approach, and evaluates a couple of coverage alterations which may increase the lives of animals within the context of a industry economy.
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Additional info for Animals and the Economy
22 Animals and the Economy or production techniques. The competition ensures that, except for small side-markets, the most efficient legal production methods will always be preferred. Pigs, chickens, eggs, and milk must be produced using confinement methods, because doing otherwise would ensure that the farmer’s costs were so high that they could no longer remain in business. Cows must be slaughtered after two years because to allow them longer lives would add an unnecessary cost and compromise the quality of the meat.
The arguments that do arise in opposition to animal rights are often pragmatic, and economic, in nature. Farmers can document the costs associated with giving their animals better living conditions. Pharmaceutical companies can quantify the losses to our medical system if testing on animals was restricted. Firms that sell animal products or breed pets can argue that they would not be able to do business in a competitive market if they sacrificed any efficiency. © The Author(s) 2016 S. 1057/978-1-137-43474-6_3 27 28 Animals and the Economy In 2013 Iowa Representative Steve King proposed an amendment to the US “farm bill” that would limit individual states’ ability to regulate animal treatment in agriculture markets.
The argument between those who argue for meat consumption and larger populations of farmed animals are, in the framework of this model, working with a low critical-level utility threshold. Utilitarian critics of animal agriculture, on the other hand, are working with a higher critical-level threshold. In this sense, the debate is one in which each side places a different weight on quantity over and against quality of life, where a higher quality weight would be reflected by a higher critical-level.