Anglesey: The Concise History (University of Wales Press - by David A. Pretty

By David A. Pretty

This quantity lines the island's wealthy heritage because the final stronghold of the druids, via its strategic value through the Edwardian conquest in medieval occasions, Telford's significant fulfillment in construction the Menai Suspension Bridge, to the cultural and linguistic demanding situations of the overdue 20th century. the concept that of ‘love of one’s zone’ has constantly had a distinct resonance for the folks of Wales. It has encouraged poets, writers and historians during the centuries and it has enriched our appreciation and figuring out of the vibrant range of our neighborhood and nearby tradition and history. the writer has an intimate wisdom of the sector and has the facility to interpret and converse that wisdom in a full of life and concise sort to scholars, students and travelers alike.

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1260) on one campaign in the south. Once more, a singleminded leader of vision and ability had come to the fore. Acknowledged ‘prince of Wales’ by other Welsh rulers, and Henry III in 1267, he was soon in a position to surpass the achievements of his grandfather, Llywelyn Fawr. During the following decade Llywelyn ap Gruffydd robustly expanded the structures of state already in place. Though Aber on the mainland, directly opposite Llan-faes, had become his favoured residence, the poets still instinctively identified him with Aberffraw: in the words of Gruffudd ab yr Ynad Coch he was Gwir freiniawl frenin Aberffraw (The true and regal king of Aberffraw).

Mary’s accession in 1553, leading to the re-establishment of Catholicism, put certain individuals to the test. It meant some nimble action on the part of Sir Richard Bulkeley II, who supposedly had her proclaimed ‘traitress’ at Beaumaris on the one day (he first backed Lady Jane Grey) and a ‘lawful queen’ on the next. His worldly concerns were to be dispelled: there was to be no restoration of former monastic property. Siôn Brwynog’s joyous welcome for the return of the ‘old masses’ would seem to offer a more genuine representation of popular attitudes.

1213) to Môn, mam Cymru (Anglesey, mother of Wales). Llywelyn Fawr’s ambitious legacy, however, was immediately threatened following his death in 1240. Dafydd ap Llywelyn’s short reign as self-styled ‘prince of Wales’ saw a decline in the influence of Gwynedd. Moreover, his strained relations with Henry III culminated in an English offensive in 1245, with a royal force from Ireland, 3000-strong, taking Anglesey by storm, destroying the harvest crop during a three-week rampage. A partition of Gwynedd came after Dafydd’s death the following year, and it took another decade before Llywelyn Fawr’s grandson, Llywelyn ap Gruffydd, was able to reassert its hegemony.

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