By Phillip S. Meilinger
Ever because the US military got its first "aeroplane" in 1909, debates have raged over the software, effectiveness, potency, legality, or even the morality of airpower and strategic bombing. regrettably, a lot of this controversy has been coloured by means of accusations, misconceptions, inaccuracies, myths, and straightforward untruths. If airpower wishes criticizing --- and positively there are occasions while feedback is suitable --- it has to be in keeping with actual info. In Airpower: Myths and evidence, Col Phillip S. Meilinger, USAF, retired, increases issues and counterpoints that try to transparent away a number of the detritus that obscures the topic, therefore permitting extra trained debate at the genuine matters relating airpower and strategic bombing and giving our political and army leaders a greater foundation on which to shape judgements in destiny conflicts.
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S. : Cornell University Press, 1991), 150. Perhaps one can appreciate the quality of this last assessment by noting that Rosen apparently thought Douhet’s first name was Emilio. 27 No one in the Air Corps hierarchy during the 1930s advocated such an air strategy. On the contrary, for various military, legal, and humanitarian reasons, the Air Corps expressly rejected this type of strategy, opting for a doctrine of highaltitude, daylight, precision, and formation bombing of industrial targets. 2 In August 1941, Air War Plans Division, Plan 1 (AWPD-1) called for the destruction of Germany’s industrial structure through a sustained bombing campaign.
6. USSBS, 18–22. 7. Overy, 124. 8. John Keegan, Six Armies in Normandy: From D-Day to the Liberation of Paris, June 6th–August 25th, 1944 (New York: Viking Press, 1982), 143. 45 9. : Government Printing Office, August 1945), 2. 10. One P-47 pilot stated that he flew 70 combat missions with the Ninth Air Force between July 1944 and the end of the war but saw an enemy aircraft on only one mission. Robert V. : Smithsonian Institution Press, 2000), 122, 156. 11. David T. , World War II in Europe: An Encyclopedia, vol.
President Roosevelt chartered USSBS in 1944 to examine the effects of strategic bombing on Germany and Japan. The survey was headed by Franklin D’Olier, head of the Prudential Insurance Company, who had no previous experience with aviation. D’Olier divided the roughly 1,500 members of 36 the survey into groups corresponding to target sets: oil, chemicals, transportation, and so forth. Each of these divisions was headed by a distinguished civilian businessman, economist, engineer, or lawyer, including such later luminaries as Paul Nitze, George Ball, and John Kenneth Galbraith.