Air Pollution in India and Its Impact on the Health of by Kakali Mukhopadhyay

By Kakali Mukhopadhyay

This ebook experiences the present examine of pollution and its effect of overall healthiness on assorted source of revenue teams in a single of the constructing nations, India. The examine estimates the commercial emissions of CO2, SO2 and NOX in India in the course of 1983-84 to 1998-99. to guage the healthiness affects of the pollutants on diversified source of revenue teams the examine additionally consists of a micro research for a metro urban, Calcutta. The micro research evaluates the level of degradation in air caliber, identifies the criteria answerable for deterioration, and eventually makes an review of the affects of deteriorated air caliber like results on human healthiness of alternative source of revenue teams. one of many greatest projects at this time, the ebook concludes, is to take on the new release of emission through the better source of revenue teams in addition to the advancements of the future health scene of the economic climate. It demands right coverage for the mitigation of the pollution iteration from the event of alternative nations.

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The RSPM and NO2 concentration is high for Delhi and Mumbai. The accumulation of air pollutants in Delhi during winter is more critical (Delhi Pollution Control Committee: New Delhi, 2003). , 2004 and Molina and Molina, 2004). 4 documents vehicular emissions in Delhi and their increases relative to base year 1990–1991. Within the past decade, emissions were doubled for SO2, and increased by 6-fold for NOx, CO, and HC, and nearly 12-fold for TSP. 4). 3. Air Quality in Major Metro Cities (hourly status) City Concentration (µg/m3 ) (Location) Sulfur dioxide (SO2) Nitrogen dioxide (NO2 ) Respirable Suspended Particulate Matter (RSPM) National Standard 80 80 100 Chennai Delhi Mumbai 6 7 48 18 83 133 92 303 301 Source: Central Pollution Control Board, New Delhi, 2007.

These targets are far tougher than the national standards currently applied in many parts of the world. As a result some cities of the world would likely to reduce current pollution levels by more than three-fold. Air pollution is estimated to cause approximately 2 million premature deaths worldwide per year. More than half of this burden is borne by people in developing countries. In many cities, the average annual levels of PM10 (the main source of which is the burning of fossil and other types of fuels) exceed 70 micrograms per cubic metre.

2006). Sikdar and Mondal (1999) have conducted a study on air pollution (TSP, SO2, NOx, CO2) in Calcutta. They have identified vehicular emission as a primary source of these pollutants. They have suggested that an air quality management on reducing stationary source and mobile source emissions will help to mitigate the air pollution and improve the quality of life. Chabra et al. (2001) showed that an increase in the economic status of the individual significantly decreased the prevalence of respiratory symptoms among those who were exposed long term to high levels of air pollution.

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