Absolute Nephrology Review: An Essential Q & A Study Guide by Alluru S. Reddi

By Alluru S. Reddi

Written in a succinct query and solution structure, this accomplished source covers all components of nephrology and customary medical situations. approximately one thousand questions with exact solutions supply nephrology fellows, working towards nephrologists and clinicians a greater realizing of nephrology and reduction arrangements for nephrology and inner drugs forums. Absolute Nephrology overview beneficial properties the most recent proof and directions whereas satisfying a severe desire in the nephrology community.

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B. C. D. E. 2 Days 3 Days 5 Days 7 Days 9 Days The answer is D To answer this question, one needs to calculate the total daily fluid loss. This can be calculated from daily urine output and insensible loss (approximately 500 mL/day). 2 L). 2 gives 7. Thus, it would have taken approximately 7 days for this patient to increase serum [Na] from 140 to 168 mEq/L. Suggested Reading Reddi AS. Disorders of water balance: Hypernatremia. In Reddi AS. Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Disorders. Clinical Evaluation and Management.

01 % in PHPT. Renal function is normal; therefore, secondary hyperparathyroidism is unlikely. Also, normal vitamin D and elevated PTH levels exclude the diagnoses of milk (calcium)-alkali syndrome and granulomatous diseases. 01 %. This adult subject carries the diagnosis of FHH. Thus, option C is correct. Suggested Reading Reddi AS. Disorders of calcium: Hypercalcemia. In Reddi AS. Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Disorders. Clinical Evaluation and Management. New York, Springer, 2014, pp. 215–231.

New York, Springer, 2014, pp. 319–346. 40 1 Fluids, Electrolytes, and Acid–Base Disorders 63. A 55-year-old man with chronic alcoholism presents to the Emergency Department with agitation, blurred vision, and eye pain. Blood pressure and pulse rate are normal. He is afebrile. He has a high AG metabolic acidosis with an osmolal gap of 26 mOsm/L. Which one of the following toxic alcohol ingestions is the MOST likely cause of his symptoms? A. B. C. D. E. Ethanol Ethylene glycol Methanol Toluene Isopropyl alcohol The answer is C Only formic acid formed from methanol is toxic to the optic nerve, causing visual impairment, blurred vision, eye pain, and blindness.

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