A Rural Society after the Black Death: Essex 1350-1525 by L. R. Poos

By L. R. Poos

A Rural Society after the Black loss of life is a research of rural social constitution within the English county of Essex among 1350 and 1500. It seeks to appreciate how, within the inhabitants cave in after the Black dying (1348-1349), a selected fiscal surroundings affected traditional people's lives within the components of migration, marriage and employment, and in addition contributed to styles of non secular nonconformity, agrarian riots and unrest, or even rural housing. The interval below scrutiny is usually obvious as a transitional period among 'medieval' and 'early-modern' England, yet within the gentle of contemporary advances in English historic demography, this research means that there has been extra continuity than swap in a few significantly very important features of social constitution within the sector in query. one of the most crucial contributions of the e-book are its use of an unprecedentedly wide selection of unique manuscript documents (estate and manorial documents, taxation and criminal-court files, royal tenurial files, and the files of church courts, wills etc.) and its program of present quantitative and comparative demographic equipment.

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Only occupations appearing in the tax returns of at least three of the listed vills are tabulated here. Sources: For poll-tax returns, see notes to text. For market status, Britnell, 'Essex markets'. Geography of a local economy 39 horizontal axis are listed the occupations given in the poll-tax returns, in order from those listed in the largest number of townships to the smallest, or from the nearly ubiquitous 'free tenants' (liberi tenentes) and 'labourers' (laborarii) to cowherds and ploughmen, who were much less frequently singled out for specific mention.

2. 9 But the relationships in medieval England between market centres and the rural economy in which they existed could take many different functional forms. At one extreme, redistributive, service and secondary industrial activities might cluster very tightly into market centres. 10 But medieval villages from quite early on 9 10 This is based upon a comparison of Essex's 78 known markets (Britnell, 'Essex markets before 1350') with Nottinghamshire's 32 (Unwin, 'Rural marketing in medieval Nottinghamshire') and Staffordshire's 45 (Palliser and Pinnock, 'The markets of medieval Staffordshire').

People, land and occupations 17 [peciam] of land or a 'corner' [angulum], for example)17 that may generally be taken as implying in most cases very small holdings. 1 presents seven rentals from the sixty years before 1348, at the culmination of centuries of aggregate demographic growth in England at large. Although tenancy-size distributions were not absolutely uniform from manor to manor there was in fact a remarkably similar landholding profile in all these communities, from the quite small to the quite large.

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