A History of the Jewish War: AD 66-74 by Steve Mason

By Steve Mason

A clash that erupted among Roman legions and a few Judaeans in overdue A.D. sixty six had an incalculable influence on Rome's actual visual appeal and imperial governance; on old Jews bereft in their mother-city and temple; and on early Christian fortunes. historic scholarship and cinema alike are inclined to see the clash because the end result of lengthy Jewish resistance to Roman oppression. during this quantity, Steve Mason re-examines the battle in all correct contexts (e.g., the Parthian measurement, Judaea's position in Roman Syria) and levels, from the Hasmoneans to the autumn of Masada. Mason methods every one subject as a old research, clarifying difficulties that must be solved, figuring out the on hand facts, and contemplating situations that will clarify the proof. the best reconstructions make the clash extra humanly intelligible whereas casting doubt on bought wisdom.

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124–31). Whatever Vespasian and Titus were doing overnight in the Isis compound, they emerge early in the morning dressed in the traditional purple robes with gold-leaf laurel crowns, and this is how they receive the appropriate greetings from the city’s senators and equestrians. Sitting on the traditional ivory chairs of senior magistrates (the sella curulis), they accept the timehonoured acclamation as conquering generals (imperatores) from the soldiers present. They offer customary prayers in the standard posture, toga drawn up over the head.

Note the river-god carried on a ferculum and sacrificial bulls with attendants. A FAMOUS AND UNKNOWN WAR fall, Titus allowed his soldiers to kill and plunder for several days. Only when they were “tired of slaughtering” did he order thousands of enemy survivors to be corralled in the temple’s Court of Women. 414–15). 417). 118; cf. 36). We may be confident, from antecedent probability and Josephus’ notices alike, that these men were maltreated at every point, apart from wounds they may have sustained in combat.

But that was all Titus’ work. The joint triumph seems not to have been so much a generously shared event, therefore, as it was the father’s co-opting of the son’s accomplishments. Vespasian as regime founder needed the good stuff, and so he must have been relieved to be able to parade with Titus. Still it was all they could do together to fill a single day with their haul, in contrast to Aemilius, Pompey, or Augustus. 4. 123): While it was still night, the entire soldiery had proceeded out in their companies and ranks and under their commanders, around the gates ‒ not those of the palaces above but rather [the gates] near the Temple of Isis, because that is where the imperators were staying during that night.

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