A History of Religious Ideas: From Muhammad to the Age of by Mircea Eliade

By Mircea Eliade

This quantity completes the immensely discovered three-volume A historical past of spiritual rules. Eliade examines the flow of Jewish notion out of old Eurasia, the Christian transformation of the Mediterranean zone and Europe, and the increase and diffusion of Islam from nearly the 6th in the course of the 17th centuries. Eliade's mammoth wisdom of prior and current scholarship presents a synthesis that's unheard of. as well as reviewing contemporary interpretations of the person traditions, he explores the interactions of the 3 religions and indicates their carrying on with mutual effect to be sophisticated yet unmistakable.

As in his prior paintings, Eliade can pay specific cognizance to heresies, people ideals, and cults of mystery knowledge, equivalent to alchemy and sorcery, and maintains the dialogue, all started in prior volumes, of pre-Christian shamanistic practices in northern Europe and the syncretistic culture of Tibetan Buddhism. those subcultures, he keeps, are as vital because the better-known orthodoxies to a whole realizing of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.

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98. Such an interpretation of the folklore is not shared by certain scholars. See the controversy on the archaic character of the dainas, below, in Present Position of Studies, §249. 60. Certain Slavic groups formed part of Attila's hordes; cf. Gimbutas, The Slavs, pp. 98ff. 30 THE RELIGIONS OF ANCIENT EURASIA in Russia and the Baltic region. But the only written sources on the religion of the ancient Slavs are later than Christianity. Even where they are available, the ethnic paganism which they present has reached a decadent state.

Slavic paganism The Slavs and the BaIts are the last Aryophonic peoples to penetrate into Europe. Dominated successively by the Scyths, the Sarmatians, and the Goths, the Slavs were forced to live for over a thousand years in the limited territory between the Dniester and the Vistula. But beginning in the fifth century, the devastation of Europe by the Huns, Bulgars, and Avars permitted the overflow of Slavic tribes and their progressive installation in central and eastern Europe. 6o Their nameSclavini-is attested for the first time in the sixth century.

Pettazzoni, L' onniscienza di Dio, p. 383. On the solarization of celestial gods, see Eliade, Patterns, §37. 45. Lehtisalo, summarized in Eliade, Zalmoxis, p. 98. 46. Cf. , pp. 97-98. 24 THE RELIGIONS OF ANCIENT EURASIA God's command. But he hides a bit of mud in his mouth, and thus gives birth to the mountains and the marshes. 47 As for the shamanism of these peoples, it presents in broad lines the same structure of Asiatic shamanism that we have just outlined (§§245-47). Let us note, however, that it is in Finland that the literary creations of shamanistic inspiration reach their culmination.

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