By Christopher Lord (auth.)
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Extra resources for A Democratic Audit of the European Union
If the Commission accepts EP amendments, the law passes if the Council either accepts the amended draft by QMV or decides by unanimity to strike out any EP amendments (Title VII). Co-decision. The EP enjoys the same rights of amendment as above, but its powers of rejection are stronger. It can reject by an absolute majority of its membership at first reading or a simple majority of its membership at third reading. The Council cannot over-turn that rejection. ) Assent. The EP is able to reject but not amend.
Member States can and do make proposals of their own. The EP only has powers to be consulted. The ECJ has no jurisdiction. Third pillar procedures Common positions and joint actions are also used in JHA. In addition, the Council can draw up Conventions. These are recommended to Member States, which can decide whether to adopt them according to the rules of their own political systems. The powers of the Commission and EP are much as for pillar two. The ECJ may have jurisdiction where the Council provides on a case-by-case basis.
How far does the EU constitutionalise concurrent consent or use its methods to constitutionalise other values? a high level of generality in order to maintain a clear overview of the main contours of the analysis that will follow in the rest of the book. Individual chapters will flesh the twelve tests out and provide further justification for them. Units of assessment The previous section proposed that a democratic audit should appraise the EU using indices derived from two distinct standards of consensus democracy: a modified form of consociationalism and a form of divided government based on the concurrent consent of different kinds of majority.