By Edwin P. Hoyt
Для сайта:Мир книгThe epic conflict of Stalingrad should be remembered as one in all history’s such a lot savage conflicts. the following world-renowned army historian Edwin P. Hoyt tells the complete tale of this bloody conflict, utilizing files from Moscow and American information in addition to first-person testimonials from Stalingrad’s heroic survivors.With the dramatic energy of a main storyteller, Hoyt recreates the phrases and deeds of the battle’s chiefparticipants: its ruthless warlords, Hitler and Stalin; its fabled generals, von Paulus and Marshal Zhukov; its squaddies and civilians who fought, bled and died. during this thought-provoking and grimly interesting booklet, Hoyt provides a few startling and illuminating insights into this significant conflict.
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Extra resources for 199 Days: The Battle for Stalingrad
I will take these orders and file them," he said. " But at headquarters the interview with Hitler was stormy and brief. Hitler ordered him to hold his position exactly where he stood. The same order to hold at all costs was circulated through the armies. 11 All this German generalship maneuvering came just as the first phase of the Soviet offensive was coming to an end. By December 16 the Russians had eliminated German salients aimed at Moscow, and most of the Russian objectives had been reached: Stalinogorsk, Klin, and Kalinin, A half dozen Siberian and Ural divisions were on their way to the front, as General Zhukov issued his second-phase directive.
Hitler replied that it was impossible to initiate a major movement without the approval of the supreme command. The troops must stop right where they were. So that night Kluge sent orders to his generals countermanding all the earlier ones. Only local movements would be allowed, and all reserves were to be sent to the front immediately. The troops of Army Group Center were ordered to hold the line everywhere. This grim news reached the Eastern Front in the early minutes of the new year. To make the orders more palatable, Hitler tried a ploy he was to repeat at Stalingrad: he elevated the 3rd and 4th groups to army status, although the physical strength of each was more like that of a corps.
Third, Munitions Minister Albert Speer and economic czar Goering urged him to continue the attacks because they needed the oil from the Caucasus and the grain from the Ukraine to continue the war. This was the thinking that controlled Hitler's decisions that spring. The Germans did not have the strength in 1942 to do what they had done in 1941: launch a great offensive on three broad fronts. After the defeat on the Moscow Front the previous year Hitler hesitated to try there again. He chose to strike south for the Caucasus oil fields, although that move would extend his flank past the main body of the Red Army.