By Robert C. Woosnam-Savage, Glasgow Museums, National Army Museum
1745: Charles Edward Stuart and the Jacobites
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Additional info for 1745: Charles Edward Stuart and the Jacobites
37–8. 3 POPULAR RESISTANCE, RELIGION AND THE UNION OF 1707 Karin Bowie From October 1706 to January 1707, the Scottish Parliament voted, article by article, to ratify a treaty to incorporate the kingdoms of Scotland and England into a new British kingdom. As it did so, dozens of petitions against the treaty rained down on Parliament, riots erupted in the streets of Edinburgh and Glasgow and angry demonstrators burned the treaty in towns like Dumfries and Stirling. From 1707 to the present, many histories of the making of the Union have highlighted this popular resistance to it.
C. A. Whatley, Bought and Sold for English Gold? Explaining the Union of 1707 (East Linton: Tuckwell Press, 2001), p. 51. D. Szechi, George Lockhart of Carnwath, 1689–1727: A Study in Jacobitism (East Linton: Tuckwell Press, 2002), pp. 157–81. For an account that captures the intensity of the Jacobites’ commitment to the overthrow of the existing political order, see D. Szechi, 1715: The Great Jacobite Rebellion (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2006). Whatley, Scots, p. 212. For a recent account see E.
Outrage would have resulted had these gone south, and rumours swept Edinburgh that this was what was intended. Inserted into the treaty, therefore, was the undertaking that the Scottish crown and sword and sceptre of state would forever remain in Scotland – as they have. Similar steps were taken to secure the independent nation’s memory – its written records – which were also to be retained in Scotland. 51 Scottish politicians who sought union in 1706–7 and approved its terms were not a parcel of rogues.